Mojave National preserve has an impressive array of gold mining related locations to explore. Gold mining began in 1865 by soldiers based in forts along the now famous Mojave Road which begins near Barstow and extends to the Colorado River. By the 1880′ railroads boosted gold mining in the area until precious metal mining was banned during WWII and miners shifted to cinder mining and iron mining. In the 1970’s cyanide heap leaching revitalized gold mining until Mojave National Preserve was established in 1994. Today all of the above mining activities still litter the landscape inside and surrounding the park.